A small part of what is left of the Bangalore Fort is situated near City Market in Namma Bengaluru. It seems this Fort (and the city around it) was initially built by Kempagowda, who was a feudatory of the Vijayanagara empire, during the Sixteenth Century. The name Bangalore originally came from ‘Bengaluru’, in a reference to it in a Ganga inscription (dating back to 890 AD) found near Begur Temple.
This city was later on leased to Chikkadevaraya, who was the King of Mysore in the Seventeenth Century. He expanded this fort and built the Sri VenkataRamana Temple within its boundary.
Generally, a Fort is situated in the center of cities with fortified walls and impenetrable obstruction all around it (like water with crocodiles/ thick Cactus bushes, etc). Inhabitants of the city live around the fort surrounded with a wider fortification, as an outer perimeter of the fort. During war, people can hide inside the fort while the army defends the fort from within the boundary.
The famous Mysore King Hyder Ali secured Bangalore as Jagir in 1758. He built a Stronger Fort (in stone) and strengthened the existing fort. After him, the Fort was taken over by his son Tippu Sultan, in whose name the Fort is sometimes called even today (Tippu Sultan Fort). It seems Cornwallis (decorative terms like ‘Lord’ will be deliberately missed) captured this fort, but handed it back to Tippu Sultan as a part of the Srirangapattana Treaty.
Originally, the Fort had a perimeter of over one mile and had twenty six watch towers along the perimeter. This Fort was thereafter in ruins as recorded in Mid – 19th Century, but a small portion of it (Delhi Gate) has survived to this day, and is being maintained as a protected monument by the Government. Anyone can visit the Bangalore Fort and there is no entry fees.
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